The sciences and religion, especially Judeo-Christian religion, will forever be entangled, and that’s a good thing. Let me tell you why.
1. The Judeo-Christian worldview is a worldview that truly allows scientific research to be conducted in any substantive sense because it recognizes that the world can be understood in a meaningful way. Genesis 1:28 sets out a foundational principle,
“And God blessed them. And God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth. (ESV)”
In this passage four specific commands are given: have children, in doing so occupy the earth, govern it and subdue it. The last two are the most important, govern and subdue, because these form the heart of scientific research: that there are features of this world that can be controlled or utilized to fit the purposes of man. Ultimately, that is what the sciences do when research is done.
2. The Judeo-Christian worldview imposes definite, enforceable ethics upon scientific research. The fact that humans have been given a command to govern the world implies that humanity is to be a responsible caretaker of this world and its inhabitants and research should be carefully governed as it tests the world. If we have learned anything from history, we learned that when the guardrails are dropped away from science the research done can be inhumane and deviously cruel (example, Nazi scientists).
The real issue then is not in the science, but in the worldview that drives the scientist. There is nothing is the Judeo-Christian worldview that inhibits a subscriber from participating in any scientific field. It will, however, inform the interpretation of the evidence derived from research because it seeks, or should seek, to bring glory to the Creator for what He has done in power and wisdom, and it is that fact that drives those that are diametrically opposed to that worldview absolutely bonkers.
Update: Fellow blogger Wintery Knight posted this link to a lecture on this subject minutes before I posted mine. So enjoy: